“What is Jiu Jitsu?” Is a question asked by both newbie’s to the world of martial arts and the more seasoned martial artists? Jiu Jitsu, pronounced “yoo ji” is the shortened form of the original” Jiu Jitsu” which translates into “juice joint combat”. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, in Portuguese, is also a sport and self defense martial art based on ground fighting, grappling and submission holds; however, unlike traditional martial arts, its origins were in Judo, a Japanese style of Judo which utilises throws and holds rather than striking.
There are various Jiu Jitsu clubs around the world, with most having been established within the last twenty years or so. The highest level of competition is the World Jiu Jitsu Federation (WJJF) which organizes the largest and most prestigious competitions in the world, such as the Olympic Games. The other largest national Jiu Jitsu organisation is the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Federation (BJJF). Both the Federation and the club organise their own tournaments, however the most recognised and famous Jiu Jitsu tournament is the Pan American and Intercontinental competitions. Competitors from across the Americas and Asia can compete.
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In this main article we look at the different basic positions and techniques used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. The triangle is an important position used in most BJJ matches, although some practitioners use it in their Judo matches too. The back mount is used when a fighter is on his back and can be used to escape from a full guard situation. The arm bar is used to pin down your opponent to the ground while applying a choke hold. A regular match consists of three main phases, beginning with the opening attack from a standing position and progressing through to the end with the submission or defeat of the opponent.